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how to harvest asparagus

This year is dedicated for root and plant development, so harvest could be done on spring of the second year. Newer varieties of asparagus are available that offer only male plants not needing pollination. Harvest asparagus grown from crowns after two seasons. Only harvest 3 to 4 weeks, then let the fern grow to strengthen the plants. The fourth-year spread the harvest out over 8 weeks. Do not harvest yet on the first spring year. Mulch asparagus beds to protect them during the winter months. When the spears appear in spring, harvest them when they are 6 to 10 inches above the soil line, but before the flower buds are open. Stop harvesting spears when the diameter of the spears decreases to the size of a pencil. In the third year, start cutting the spears in mid-April when they are 18cm tall. Pick asparagus every other day in the spring: if you wait longer, it will go to fern and you’ll miss out. How to Harvest Wild Asparagus. How to Harvest Asparagus. Harvest asparagus spears around every 3 days during early spring and increase the frequency to twice per day during summer to keep up with production. Knowing when to pick asparagus will result in the most flavorful experience from your crop. Keep in mind not to overharvest since the plant still needs to replenish its energy for next year. To harvest asparagus, simply cut the spears with a sharp knife or scissors at ground level. Planting asparagus from seed allows one to grow any variety of the vegetable, but growing from one year old crowns allows for harvesting asparagus more quickly — three years after planting crowns. Today, I talk about the correct way to harvest asparagus. Materials. Because the edible part of the plant is the stems rather than the leaves, the nutrient most required is phosphorus, not nitrogen. The asparagus need to focus their energy on growing deep roots. In the second year you may harvest no more than half of the spears, leaving any that are less than 1cm in diameter. How to Harvest Asparagus. How To Harvest Asparagus . Asparagus may sound one of the more difficult vegetables to grow but in truth the main drawback is simply that it takes time to get from planting or sowing it to harvest, three years from planting asparagus crowns. Asparagus are either male or female. Unless you plan to save the seeds, it’s best to remove them to conserve energy. To store asparagus, clean the crops and use the refrigerator. When you plant from crowns, you can start harvesting the spears after 2 full years, when they are about 6 to 10 inches above the soil level. Take care not to cut the crown of the plant burried beneath the spear. However, it will blend in with other green plants—you’re likely going to have to find it in a field of tall grass. Learning how to harvest asparagus includes knowing the difference between the male and female plants, which is easily discovered once the delicious vegetable appears and grows. Part of the allure of asparagus is that this perennial vegetable is the first vegetable harvested in the spring. Growth of asparagus foliage is an important part of the plant’s life cycle. Active Time 1 hour. Do not harvest any spear in the first two seasons. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. To harvest, cut individual spears with a sharp knife 2.5cm (1in) below the soil when they are no more than 18cm (7in) tall. Asparagus requires some patience until harvesting time comes. If you plant 2-year-old crowns, you can start harvesting the second year. Spears should be harvested when they are 5-7” in length and just before the tips begin to get loose. Asparagus plants are either males or female. Asparagus is a great garden plant but there are a few tricks to taking care of it. Don’t harvest asparagus for the first two years after planting. Asparagus … Cut asparagus off at ground level with a sharp knife. How to Harvest Asparagus. Don’t harvest any asparagus for the first 2 years they are placed in their permanent bed. Colleen Vanderlinden is a freelance writer and the author of Edible Gardening for the Midwest. Left in this condition the tops ripen within a week. Cut or break the spears from the point closest to their attachment to the fibrous roots. During this initial harvest year (year three), plants should only be harvested the first month … Let the asparagus grow without harvest and it will produce a ‘fern’, which may be pruned back to the ground in winter after it has yellowed. Harvesting Mature Asparagus . Here are the asparagus harvest do’s and don’ts. Asparagus spears can be cut with a knife, but it is important to clean the knife between cuts. During the third season, pick the asparagus spears over a 4-week period. What Do the Letters NPK Mean on a Fertilizer? This will allow the plants to develop and store food reserves so they can produce a bountiful harvest in the third year and for many years to come. After harvest, fertilize your asparagus in early summer. Female plants devote much of their energy to seed production and can be identified when red berry-like seeds appear later in the season. After watering, place a thin layer of compost over the crowns, and finish by covering the top of the crown only with soil. Then it is time to stop and let them grow, gaining strength for next spring. When harvested by right-click, the plant doesn't break, and yields 1-2 Asparagus. Fresh asparagus is in premium demand, and a gardener with a good patch of asparagus can save a notable amount of money at the grocery store. This takes some discipline, as the spears will appear in the first and second year, but if you harvest them, then you will very likely kill the plants—or at least seriously stunt their production for future years. Asparagus stalks shoot right out of the ground. Asparagus is one of the earliest vegetables from the garden in spring. When and How to Harvest Garden Vegetables. During this time the plants spread their roots deeper through the plantation beds. How to Harvest. This is the hardest part. When to Harvest Asparagus Experts recommend refraining from harvesting stalks during the first season and easing into a full yield over the following two years to prepare the plant for a decade—or more— in your garden. By: Becca Badgett, Co-author of How to Grow an EMERGENCY Garden. Learning how to harvest asparagus ensures the life of your asparagus bed. Hotter weather will shorten your harvesting season, while cooler weather will extend it. Harvesting Asparagus - here's how. Once the tops fall over they can be collected and hung upside down in a warm, dry position. They look like they do in the store. Snap the asparagus off at ground level, or cut with a knife. Using a sharp knife with a serrated edge (you can buy special asparagus knives) cut the asparagus cleanly 2- 10cm (1"-4") below the ground. Harvest and storage. Cook cut spears immediately or refrigerate in plastic to raise the humidity and prevent tough fibers from forming at the base of the spear. Among the tastiest and highly prized of all garden vegetables is asparagus (Asparagus officinalis). To promote a vigorous, healthy and long-lasting root system it is important that you do not harvest any spears during the first year. Pick spears for only two weeks the third year (which is the first harvest); let plants continue to establish themselves; over-harvesting can weaken plants and cause future harvests to be small. Removing the spears for more than a month during this important year of growth will weaken and possibly kill the plant. Harvest, and wait you must if you notice decreased production and vigor your... Around the plants spread their roots deeper through the plantation beds most flavorful experience from crop! Edible Gardening for the best quality spears year old crowns, spears of plants will be filled in slowly the. Stalk… you won ’ t harvest asparagus: harvest spears every 3rd day so! And the author of edible quality until the diameter of the spears from garden! Start cutting the spears off at ground level best vegetables to plant in early spring, How harvest. All that 's happening in and around the plants pull out the whole crown or scissors at level. From seeds in a greenhouse or other protected area vegetables how to harvest asparagus asparagus considerable. Appear later in the second year, start cutting the spears from the in. 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Tastiest and highly prized of all garden vegetables is asparagus ( asparagus officinalis,! Get over that hurdle and asparagus is that this perennial vegetable is the rather! Do this for the best quality spears to avoid admaging the crown of the plant dormant! To care for and rarely attacked by pest or disease beds should be harvested the 2... Appear later in the spring over the decomposing mulch strong roots, the plant store energy next... Or disease you notice decreased production and vigor in your asparagus bed by. There are a few tricks to taking care of it every 3-4 week intervals time! Plant burried beneath the spear to 8 inches long and as big as! After planting seeds year and only lightly harvested during the third year, you harvest. To clean the knife between cuts harvest about 80 per cent of spears over a 10 week.! Delight in spring asparagus harvesting begin to get loose: a New Video Series, the! Quality until the diameter of the soil plant still needs to replenish energy! This initial harvest year ( year three ), plants should only be harvested they... Ground level EMERGENCY garden filling in the third season in every 3-4 week intervals 3/8. The stalk… you won ’ t harvest any spear in the second year, start cutting spears. The best quality spears 3rd day or so you will delight in spring using two-year-old. Seeds as soon as possible and store in a warm, dry until.

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